Monooxygenase Activity in Methidathion Resistant and Susceptible Populations of Amblyseius womersleyi (Acari≔ Phytoseiidae)

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cytochrome P450-dependent monooxygenase activities in methidathion resistant and susceptible strains of Amblyseius womersleyi Schicha. Artificial laboratory selections for resistance and susceptibility to methidathion were performed in an organophosphate resistant strain of A. womersleyi (Kanaya strain). Selections for susceptibility were also performed in a susceptible strain of this predaceous mite (Ishigaki Strain). After the selection process, the LC50 of methidathion for the selected strains of A. womersleyi were 816 mg/l (Kanaya R), 4.61 mg/l (Kanaya S) and 1.59 mg/l (Ishigaki S). The monooxygenase activities were determined biochemically by the O-deethylation of 7-ethoxycoumarin (7-EC). The monooxygenase activity in adult females of Kanaya R strain (51.1 pmol/30 min/mg protein) was 3.60- and 5.42-fold higher than the activity observed for Kanaya S and Ishigaki S strains, respectively. Significant correlation between monooxygenase activity and LC50 (mg/l) of methidathion was observed analyzing 16 populations of A. womersleyi with different susceptibilities to methidathion. Monooxygenase activity was also evaluated in different life stages (egg, larva, protonymph, deutonymph and adult) of A. womersleyi. The lowest activity was observed for the larval stage, which presented the highest susceptibility to methidathion. Protonymph, deutonymph and adult presented the highest monooxygenase activities. These stages were the most tolerant to methidathion. Monooxygenase activities of the Kanaya R strain were higher than of the Kanaya S strain in all developmental stages. The present study can be helpful for the implementation of a program involving release of insecticide-resistant populations of A. womersleyi in the field. The monooxygenase activity determination is easier and quicker than the estimation of LC50, requiring fewer mites.

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