To compare the vowel and consonant identification ability of cochlear implant patients using a 6-channel continuous interleaved sampling (CIS) processor and of normal-hearing subjects using simulations of processors with two to nine channels.Design:
Subjects, 10 normal-hearing listeners and seven cochlear implant patients, were presented synthetic vowels in /bVt/ context, natural vowels produced by men, women, and girls in /hVd/ context, and consonants in /aCa/ context for identification. Stimuli for the normal-hearing subjects were pre-processed through simulations of implant processors with two to nine channels and were output as the sum of sinusoids at the center frequencies of the analysis filters.Results:
Five implant patients' scores fell within the range of normal performance with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with synthetic vowels. Four patients' scores fell within the range of normal with a 6-channel processor when the patients were tested with multitalker vowels. Five patients' scores fell within the range of normal for a 6-channel processor for the consonant feature "place of articulation."Conclusion:
Signal processing technology for cochlear implants has matured sufficiently to allow some patients who use CIS processors and a small number of monopolar electrodes to achieve scores on tests of speech identification that are within the range of scores established by normal-hearing subjects listening to speech processed through a small number of channels.