SPECTROCAM-10 THERMAL INFRARED OBSERVATIONS OF THE DUST IN COMET C/1995 O1 HALE–BOPP


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Abstract

We describe 5 to 18 μm broadband images and R ∼ 100 spectra of comet Hale–Bopp taken with SpectroCam-10 on the 5 m Hale telescope during six runs between 1996 June and 1997 April. Our data show the gradual warming of dust grains as the comet approached perihelion. In June, the 10μm silicate emission feature was already stronger than observed in any other comet, and it increased to about 3 times the continuum level near perihelion. Spectral structure attributed to a crystalline olivine grain component remained relatively constant, but other features associated with pyroxenes appeared to vary with heliocentric distance.

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