BARE-CONSONANT REDUPLICATION WITHOUT PROSODIC TEMPLATES: EXPRESSIVE REDUPLICATION IN SEMAI


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Abstract

Many analyses of reduplication within Optimality Theory have relied upon the use of a prosodic template constraint to determine the surface shape of a reduplicant. Semai, a language spoken in Malaysian, presents an interesting challenge for such an analysis. The surface form of the reduplicant in the phenomenon presented here is a string of two consonants. This type of reduplication fits in with the classification of bare- consonant reduplication, where a surface reduplicant is either a single consonant or a string of two consonants. In this paper, I discuss the difficulties in applying a prosodic template analysis to this data, and I propose an alternative account. This alternative account is formulated under the Compression Model, a model in which the shape of a reduplicant is determined by the satisfaction of morphological alignment constraints, not by the use of a prosodic template.

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