Are electrotherapy modalities effective for reducing pain and improving function in patients with adhesive capsulitis (frozen shoulder)?

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Low-level laser therapy (LLLT), when compared with placebo or as an adjuvant to physical therapy, reduces pain and improves function for patients with adhesive capsulitis (AC). No other electromodalities have evidence of effectiveness (SOR: B, systematic review of low-and moderate quality RCTs). LLLT may improve pain and function associated with AC for up to 2 years in elderly patients (SOR: C, single case series).

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