Should routine screening for vitamin D deficiency be performed in pregnancy?

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EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWERNo. Low vitamin D levels in pregnancy are associated with worse outcomes than no vitamin deficiency; however, supplementation does not conclusively improve outcomes (SOR: B, meta-analyses of observational studies and RCTs). The Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists (RCOG) recommends against screening for vitamin D deficiency in pregnancy (SOR: C, expert opinion).

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