What are the test characteristics of the Waddell incongruency signs for nonorganic back pain?

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWER

The answer is uncertain. Although not directly evaluated for determining organic from nonorganic back pain, the Waddell signs do not seem to be useful for predicting ability or inability to return to work or success of rehabilitation. Additionally, they are only weakly associated with factors such as physical signs, pain, illness behavior, and psychological comorbidities (SOR: B, cohort and cross-sectional studies)

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles