Is vitamin D effective in preventing stress fractures?

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Vitamin D supplementation with calcium likely reduces the risk of stress fractures by 20% in female military recruits (SOR: B, single RCT). There is a weak association with high vitamin D intake and reduced risk of stress fractures in adolescents (SOR: B, based on a single prospective cohort). Low serum 25-(OH) vitamin D levels are associated with an increased risk of stress fractures (no SOR given).

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