In patients with known coronary artery disease or cardiovascular risk factors, does daily consumption of berries decrease the risk of heart attack?

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EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWERIn patients with risk factors for coronary artery disease, daily berry consumption results in small decreases in systolic blood pressure and small increases in highdensity lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels. In patients with diabetes, cranberry extract powder leads to small decreases in total and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels. The effect of berries on patientoriented outcomes such as heart attacks is unknown (SOR: C, small RCTs with disease-oriented outcomes).

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