What are effective treatments for temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome?

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EVIDENCE-BASED ANSWERGabapentin may reduce TMJ pain by about 30% over placebo, while NSAIDs have demonstrated inconsistent effects (SOR: C, low-quality RCTs). Corticosteroid and sodium hyaluronate injections have similar short-term short outcomes (although the effect versus placebo is unknown), but sodium hyaluronate may be better at 6 months (SOR: C, systematic review with conflicting lowquality RCTs).

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