The Effect of Angiotensin II Type-1 Receptor Gene Polymorphisms on Doppler Blood Flow Parameters of Carotid and Brachial Arteries in Patients with Myocardial Infarction

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Abstract

Background

Genetic influence on Doppler blood flow parameters of carotid and brachial arteries (BA) is uncertain. We investigated the relationship between the angiotensin II type-1 receptor (AT1R) gene polymorphism and the blood flow characteristics of common carotid arteries (CCA) and BA by color Doppler ultrasound (CDUS) in patients with a first anterior acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods and Results

Sixty-seven patients (15 women and 52 men), aged 25–77 years, with anterior AMI were studied. The AT1R genotypes were established. Based on the polymorphism of the AT1R, they were classified into three groups: AT1R AA genotype (Group1, n = 42 patients), AT1R AC genotype (Group 2, n = 17 patients), and AT1R CC genotype (Group 3, n = 8 patients). Peak-systolic velocity (PSV) and end-diastolic velocity (EDV) of right and left CCA, PSV of right BA, and intimal-medial thickness (IMT) of both CCA were measured by CDUS. All results evaluated statistically. The AT1R genotypes were distributed as follows: 63% AA, 25% AC, and 12% CC. PSV of BA and both CCA were higher in patients with CC and AC than AA (P < 0.05). Also, IMT of both CCA were also higher in the same groups (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

Our results suggest that AT1R gene polymorphism influences Doppler blood flow parameters of both BA and CCA, and IMT of CCA. Although further studies are required.

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