Stress Cardiomyopathy with an “Inverse” Takotsubo Pattern in a Patient with Acute Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Background

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) induced myocardial dysfunction (often labeled neurogenic stunned myocardium) encompasses a spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from an isolated elevation of cardiac enzymes to cardiogenic shock.

Objective

We describe a case of stress cardiomyopathy in a patient following acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage that showed an “inverse” or reverse takotsubo pattern on echocardiography.

Case Report

The patient was a 46-year-old female who presented with acute cardiogenic shock following acute subarachnoid hemorrhage necessitating aggressive cardiorespiratory in the ICU. Her admission echo showed a depressed left ventricular ejection fraction of 25%. The basal 2/3 of the left ventricle (LV) was severely hypokinetic and the apical 1/3 of the LV was hypercontractile, i.e. the reverse or inverse takotsubo pattern of regional wall motion abnormality. With ongoing aggressive support her cardiovascular function steadily improved and on day 6 her follow up echo showed LV ejection fraction increased to 60–65% with resolution of the previous regional wall motion abnormality. The patient was discharged to a neuro-rehabilitation facility on day 16.

Summary

The “inverse” or “reverse” takotsubo pattern of regional wall motion abnormalities, i.e. with preserved apical LV contractility and hypokinesis of the basal walls of the LV is more common in patients following acute SAH.

Mini-Abstract

We describe a case of stress cardiomyopathy following acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that showed an “inverse” or reverse takotsubo pattern. The 46-year-old patient presented with acute cardiogenic shock, depressed left ventricular ejection fraction, severely hypokinetic basal 2/3 of the left ventricle (LV) and apical hyper contractility. With aggressive ICU support, her regional wall motion abnormalities and EF normalized by day 6.

Mini-Abstract

Subarachnoid hemorrhage-induced myocardial dysfunction (or neurogenic stunned myocardium) encompasses clinical presentations from isolated elevation of cardiac enzymes to cardiogenic shock. Our case had the “inverse” or “reverse” pattern of regional wall-motion abnormality (RWMA), with preserved apical LV contractility and hypokinesis of the basal walls of the LV.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles