Three-Dimensional Echocardiographic Assessment of Patent Foramen Ovale in Platypnea-Orthodeoxia

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Abstract

Platypnea-orthodeoxia is an uncommon syndrome characterized by positional dyspnea and hypoxia when upright that improves with lying down. We present a 75-year-old man with platypnea-orthodeoxia in the setting of a patent foramen ovale (PFO) and a 2.1 cm highly mobile atrial septal aneurysm with 2 cm bowing. Prior reports have established the use of three-dimensional echocardiography to facilitate percutaneous closure of PFO and atrial septal defect, but its use in patients with platypnea-orthodeoxia is unclear. We document three-dimensional echocardiographic images that accurately estimated PFO defect size and confirmed placement of the occluder device.

Mini-Abstract

A 75-year-old man had platypnea-orthodeoxia in the setting of a patent foramen ovale and a 2.1 cm highly mobile atrial septal aneurysm with 2 cm bowing. Prior reports have established the use of three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography to facilitate percutaneous closure of PFO and atrial septal defect, but its use in patients with platypnea-orthodeoxia is unclear. We document 3D echocardiographic images that accurately estimated PFO defect size and confirmed placement of the occluder device.

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