Utility of Speckle Tracking Echocardiography to Characterize Dysfunctional Myocardium in Patients with Ischemic Cardiomyopathy Referred for Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy

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Abstract

Background

Assessment of transmural scar at the site of latest mechanical activation is relevant to maximize outcomes in cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Few studies have assessed the ability of speckle tracking echocardiography (STE)-derived short-axis strain to identify segmental myocardial scar, defined by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), in patients referred for CRT.

Methods

A total of 26 patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy who underwent preprocedure echocardiography and CMR were studied. Extent of transmural scar was assessed using contrast-enhanced CMR and corresponding peak segmental radial and circumferential strains were derived using two-dimensional (2D) STE. Total left ventricle (LV) scar volume was compared with parameters of global strain. CRT response was defined as >15% reduction in LV end systolic volume (LVESV) at 6 months.

Results

Speckle tracking short-axis strain analysis was technically possible in over 90% of LV segments. Applying a segmental radial strain cutoff value of 10% distinguished segments with >50% scar area with a high negative predictive value (98%). Global longitudinal strain <−5% predicted CRT response.

Conclusions

Two-dimensional STE offers potential to characterize dysfunctional myocardium and define segmental scar offering an integrated imaging approach to guide LV lead placement for CRT.

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