Intervendor Variabilities of Left and Right Ventricular Myocardial Velocities among Three Tissue Doppler Echocardiography Systems

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Abstract

Background:

Whether an intervendor discordance of myocardial velocities determined by tissue Doppler echocardiography (TDE) can be generalized remains unclear. We compared intervendor variabilities of left ventricular (LV) and right ventricular (RV) myocardial velocities among three TDE systems.

Methods:

Examinations with TDE were performed in 41 healthy subjects and 11 patients with cardiovascular risk factors (CVR) using α-7 (V1, Hitachi Aloka Medical), Artida (V2, Toshiba Medical Systems), and Vivid E9 (V3, GE Healthcare) on the same day. Peak systolic (s′), early diastolic (e′), and late diastolic (a′) myocardial velocities at medial and lateral sites of the mitral annulus and lateral site of the tricuspid annulus were measured using both pulsed-wave TDE and color TDE. Intra-observer and inter-observer variabilities were determined in 10 subjects and test–retest variability in 14 subjects.

Results:

As for test–retest variability, reproducibilities of LV and RV myocardial velocities determined by pulsed-wave TDE and color TDE were relatively low but comparable between V1, V2, and V3. Myocardial velocities in healthy subjects determined by both pulsed-wave TDE and color TDE were significantly different among the three TDE systems. Myocardial velocities by pulsed-wave TDE in V3 were 2–12% lower (P < 0.05) than those by V2 and 5–14% lower (P < 0.05) than those by V1. Similar differences in myocardial velocities determined by both pulsed-wave TDE and color TDE were found in patients with CVR.

Conclusions:

LV and RV myocardial velocities determined by both pulsed-wave TDE and color TDE are vendor dependent, and reproducibility of the myocardial velocities determined by both TDE systems is relatively low.

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