A Novel Index Combining Diastolic and Systolic Tissue Doppler Parameters for Prediction of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence

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Abstract

Objective:

Identification of patients at risk for atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence with using simple and objective parameters may be helpful in tailoring the treatment. In this study, we investigated whether E/(Ea×Sa) and Ea/(Aa×Sa) could be a predictor of AF recurrence after cardioversion. (E = early diastolic transmitral velocity, Ea = early diastolic mitral annular velocity, Aa = late diastolic mitral annular velocity, Sa = systolic mitral annular velocity).

Methods:

In total, 127 patients with persistent AF were evaluated for this study and 73 patients were included according to the study criteria. Sinus rhythm (SR) was achieved for 70 patients after electrical direct-current cardioversion. E, Sa, Ea, and Aa were determined at mitral medial and lateral site and average values obtained. E/(Ea×Sa) and Ea/(Aa×Sa) were calculated (medial, lateral, average). Heart rate and rhythm were followed with an electrocardiography (ECG) monitor and 12-lead ECG at first week and first month.

Results:

At one month, 53 patients (75.7%) were in SR, whereas 17 patients (24.3%) reverted to AF. According to precardioversion E/(Ea×Sa) lateral, E/(Ea×Sa) medial, E/(Ea×Sa) average (P ≤ 0.01 for all the indices), 24-hour echocardiographic evaluation E/(Ea×Sa) lateral, E/(Ea×Sa) medial, E/(Ea×Sa) average, Ea/(Aa×Sa) lateral, Ea/(Aa×Sa) medial, and Ea/(Aa×Sa) average (P ≤ 0.01 for all the indices), indices were significantly higher in the AF recurrence group than in the SR group. Furthermore, the ROC analysis showed that all the E/(Ea×Sa) and Ea/(Aa×Sa) parameters predict the AF recurrence. The AUC values range from 70% to 81% (P ≤ 0.01 for all the parameters). In subgroup analysis of the patients, precardioversion mitral medial E/Ea ratio was between 8 and 15, and the ROC analysis showed that the novel indices predict the AF recurrence. The AUC values range from 72% to 86% (P ≤ 0.02 for all the parameters).

Conclusions:

We found that E/(Ea×Sa) and Ea/(Aa×Sa) indices are novel predictors of AF recurrence.

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