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As Herb Kohl has pointed out, some students learn to not-learn, refusing to pay attention in school, overriding curiosity. Often students are trying to short-circuit a pattern of failure and humiliation. In classrooms where students have some personal control over what and how they learn, not-learning seems to occur less frequently. I discuss examples of personal control in a reinvented writing program that I studied, as well as in examples from the other papers in this volume. Personal control, or self-determination, is an important component in integrated, constructivist education.