Infection of ‘CandidatusPhytoplasma ulmi’ reduces the protein content and alters the activity of detoxifying enzymes inAmplicephalus curtulus

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid


It has been reported that insecticide-detoxifying enzymes such as glutathione S-transferases (GST) and esterases are affected by microbial infections in hemipteran insect vectors. The total protein content, and GST and α- and β-esterase activities were quantified in ‘Candidatus Phytoplasma ulmi’-infected and uninfected adults of Amplicephalus curtulus Linnavuori & DeLong (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae) at 25, 35, and 45 days after the acquisition access period (AAP) in the head-thorax and abdomen sections. The total protein content was lower in phytoplasma-infected leafhoppers 25, 35, and 45 days after the AAP. Thirty-five days after the AAP, the GST and β-esterase activities had increased (26 and 69%, respectively) compared to the control. However, 45 days after the AAP, the phytoplasma-infected leafhoppers displayed lower GST (87%) and β-esterase (253%) activities than the uninfected individuals. On the other hand, the α-esterase activity proved to be unaffected by the phytoplasma infection. Forty-five days after the AAP, females had a higher phytoplasma titer (46%) in their head-thorax than in their abdomen sections, whereas males showed a higher titer in their abdomens (75%). In addition, the GST and β-esterase activities in the abdomen were affected negatively by 96–98% as a result of the increasing ‘Ca. Phytoplasma ulmi’ titer. These results indicate that an infection of ‘Ca. Phytoplasma ulmi’ alters the metabolic activities of A. curtulus.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles