Safety and tolerability of regadenoson CMR

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Abstract

Aims

Knowledge of adverse events associated with regadenoson perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) and patient tolerability has implications for patient safety and staff training. We sought to assess the safety and tolerability of regadenoson stress CMR.

Materials and methods

A group of 728 consecutive patients (median age 58, 44% female) and 25 normal volunteers (median age 21, 24% female) were recruited from August 2009 to March 2012 using a prospective, cross-sectional study design. Subjects were stressed using fixed-dose regadenoson and imaged using a 1.5T MRI scanner. Symptoms and adverse events including death, myocardial infarction (MI), ventricular tachycardia (VT)/ventricular fibrillation (VF), hospitalization, arrhythmias, and haemodynamic stability were assessed.

Results

There were no occurrences of death, MI, VT/VF, high-grade atrioventricular block, or stress-induced atrial fibrillation. Notable adverse events included one case of bronchospasm and one case of heart failure exacerbation resulting in hospitalization. The most common symptoms in patients were dyspnoea (30%, n = 217), chest discomfort (27%, n = 200), and headache (15%, n = 111). There was minimal change between baseline and peak systolic and diastolic blood pressure in both patients and volunteers (P > 0.05). A blunted heart rate response to regadenoson was noted in patients with body mass index (BMI) ≥30 kg/m2 (P < 0.001), and diabetes (P = 0.001).

Conclusions

Regadenoson CMR is well tolerated and can be performed safely with few adverse events.

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