We sought to determine the prognostic value of positron emission tomography (PET) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) in patients with prior coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. PET MPI has recently been shown to provide incremental risk stratification for patients with suspected coronary artery disease (CAD), but the prognostic utility of PET MPI in CABG patients has not been well studied.Methods and results
A multi-centre PET registry of 7061 patients who underwent Rb-82 PET MPI from four participating centres was screened. Nine hundred and fifty-three CABG patients were identified and their images were analysed. Outcomes of all-cause mortality and cardiac death were collected. With a mean follow-up of 2.4 ± 1.4 years, 128 (13.4%) all-cause deaths and 44 (4.6%) cardiac deaths were observed. Multivariable analyses, adjusted for clinical variables, demonstrated that the summed stress score (SSS) was a significant independent predictor of both all-cause mortality [HR: 1.60 (per 1 category increase in SSS); 95% CI: 1.34-1.92; P < 0.001] and cardiac death (HR: 1.80; 95% CI: 1.33, 2.44; P < 0.001). The receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) curves showed that the addition of SSS increased the area under the curve (AUC) from 0.645 to 0.693 (P = 0.014) for all-cause mortality, and from 0.612 to 0.704 (P = 0.027) for cardiac death. SSS also improved the net reclassification improvement (NRI) for all-cause mortality (category-free NRI = 0.422; 95% CI: 0.240-0.603; P < 0.001) and cardiac death (category-free NRI = 0.552; 95% CI: 0.268-0.836; P < 0.001).Conclusions
PET MPI provides independent and incremental prognostic value to clinical variables in predicting all-cause mortality and cardiac death in CABG patients.