We sought to evaluate whether coronary computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) could accurately and reproducibly delineate the lumen and vessel contours of coronary arteries.Methods and results
One hundred coronary stenotic lesions representing 91 patients with stable angina who received both CCTA and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) were analysed. Three segments with minimal lumen cross-sectional area (CSA), proximal reference, and distal reference on IVUS images were selected for each lesion. Five observers measured lumen and vessel CSAs at three matching segments on CCTA images. These CSAs were compared with the IVUS-measured CSAs as a reference standard. All five observers underestimated lumen CSA at the three selected segments by CCTA. The minimal lumen CSA assessed by CCTA exhibited very weak correlations with those obtained by IVUS (r =0.23, 0.24, 0.15, 0.25, and 0.28, respectively). In contrast to the lumen CSA, the vessel CSA at the three segments was overestimated by all observers when assessed by CCTA. At the segment with minimal lumen CSA, the vessel CSA obtained by CCTA showed weak correlations with those assessed by IVUS (r = 0.43, 0.33, 0.44, 0.37, and 0.42, respectively). Moreover, intra-class correlation coefficients ranged from 0.44 to 0.73 among the five observers for lumen or vessel CSA measurements by CCTA at the segment with minimal lumen CSA.Conclusion
CCTA has potential limitations in the accurate delineation of lumen and vessel contours in patients with angina, as there was a high level of discordance with the IVUS-measured lumen and vessel CSAs and high inter-observer variability.