To evaluate the feasibility of ultra-low-dose CT for left atrium and pulmonary veins using new model-based iterative reconstruction (MBIR) algorithm.Methods and results
Two hundred patients scheduled for catheter ablation were randomized into two groups: Group 1 (100 patients, Multidetector row CT (MDCT) with MBIR, no ECG triggering, tube voltage and tube current of 100 kV and 60 mA, respectively) and Group 2 [100 patients, MDCT with adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction algorithm (ASIR), no ECG triggering, and kV and mA tailored on patient BMI]. Image quality, CT attenuation, image noise, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) of left atrium (LA) and pulmonary veins, and effective dose (ED) were evaluated for each exam and compared between two groups.Methods and results
No significant differences between groups in terms of population characteristics, cardiovascular risk factors, anatomical features, prevalence of persistent atrial fibrillation and image quality score. Statistically significant differences were found between Group 1 and Group 2 in mean attenuation, SNR, and CNR of LA. Significantly, lower values of noise were found in Group 1 versus Group 2. Group 1 showed a significantly lower mean ED in comparison with Group 2 (0.41 ± 0.04 versus 4.17 ± 2.7 mSv).Conclusion
The CT for LA and pulmonary veins imaging using MBIR is feasible and allows examinations with very low-radiation exposure without loss of image quality.