OCT imaging of aorto-coronary vein graft pathology modified by external stenting: 1-year post-surgery

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Abstract

Aims

The Venous External Support Trial (VEST) evaluated whether a novel external stent attenuated saphenous vein graft (SVG) disease assessed with intravascular ultrasound 1 year following coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. This sub-study assessed SVGs with and without external stenting using optical coherence tomography (OCT). The aim of this study was to accurately compare quantitative and qualitative features of SVGs with and without a novel external stent using OCT.

Methods and results

Twenty-four of 30 patients (65 ± 8 years) enrolled in VEST underwent coronary angiography with OCT imaging using a non-occlusive technique. Quantitative analysis of lumen area was performed in one frame every 10 mm along the length of the graft, from distal to proximal anastomosis, and pathological features within the lumen were noted. Mean cross-sectional area was greater in unstented vs. stented grafts (8.4 ± 3 vs. 7.6 ± 2.7 mm; P = 0.005). The lumen of the stented grafts was more homogeneous (difference between maximum and minimum lumen diameter was significantly smaller in stented compared with unstented grafts, 0.28 ± 0.19 vs. 0.33 ± 0.23 mm, respectively, P = 0.006), and more circular (mean eccentricity index 0.08 ± 0.06 vs. 0.10 ± 0.06, stented vs. unstented; P = 0.019). Adherent thrombus was identified in three grafts (all unstented).

Conclusion

Our findings highlight the early changes occurring in SVGs after implantation of aorto-coronary bypass conduits, changes that may accelerate vein graft failure. External stenting resulted in a more homogeneous and less eccentric lumen with no thrombus formation.

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