We sought to explore the relationship between pericardial fat volume (PFV) and both coronary atherosclerosis (CA) extent and severity using coronary artery calcium score (CAC), computed tomography coronary angiography (CTCA), and invasive coronary angiography in patients at high to intermediate likelihood of coronary artery disease (CAD).Methods and Results
Patients clinically referred to invasive angiography who underwent CTCA and CAC within 1 month before the procedure comprised the study population. PFV, CAC, atherosclerotic burden indexes [segment involvement score (SIS); segment stenosis score; three-vessel plaque; and any left main plaque], and the invasive angiography-derived CAD index were evaluated independently. A total of 75 patients were included in the study. PFV did not differ between patients with or without obstructive (stenosis >70%) CAD defined by invasive angiography (86.4 ± 31.7 vs. 77.1 ± 42.8 cm3, P = 0.34), although patients with obstructive CAD had significantly higher CAC scores [636.0 (IQR 229.5–1101.0) vs. 206.0 (IQR 0.0–675), P < 0.0001] than patients without obstructive CAD. Patients with extensive CA (SIS > 5) had significantly larger PFV (89.9 ± 33.9 vs. 58.7 ± 33.2 cm3, P = 0.003) than patients with non-extensive CA. Significant correlations were found between PFV and CAC (r = 0.49, P < 0.0001), and SIS (r = 0.46, P < 0.0001), whereas very weak correlations were observed between PFV and the CAD index (r = 0.27, P = 0.02), and between PFV and the body mass index (r = 0.33, P = 0.004).Conclusion
The main finding of the present study was the identification of PFV as more closely related to atherosclerotic plaque burden rather than to lesion severity in patients referred to invasive coronary angiography.