Maternal early-pregnancy vitamin D status in relation to linear growth at the age of 5–6 years: results of the ABCD cohort

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Abstract

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES:

Low vitamin D status during pregnancy may be associated with infant skeletal growth. However, evidence on the longer-term effect is limited. This study aims to assess the association between maternal vitamin D status in early pregnancy and markers of linear growth (height, leg length and relative leg length) of the child at age 5–6 years.

SUBJECTS/METHODS:

A subsample of data from the Amsterdam Born Children and Development (ABCD) study was used. Ethnic Dutch pregnant women and their children (n = 1208) were included. Maternal serum vitamin D level was determined at first antenatal visit (median 13 weeks, interquartile range: 12–14). We investigated the association of maternal vitamin D, corrected for season, with height, leg length and relative leg length at age 5–6 years.

RESULTS:

Linear regression analyses showed no significant association between maternal vitamin D levels (nmol/l) and height (cm) (B = −0.006; P = 0.205), leg length (cm) (B = −0.002, P = 0.540) or relative leg length (%) (B = 0.001; P = 0.579). Adjustment for potential confounders (parental heights, maternal educational level, alcohol use during pregnancy, child sex, child age at measurement and child screen time) did not change these results.

CONCLUSIONS:

Maternal vitamin D level was not associated with early linear growth in children. Other factors, such as parental height, appear to be more important.

European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2013) 67, 972–977; doi:10.1038/ejcn.2013.106; published online 12 June 2013

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