The extent of early left ventricular reverse remodelling is related to midterm outcomes after restrictive mitral annuloplasty in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy and functional mitral regurgitation

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

OBJECTIVE

Restrictive mitral annuloplasty (RMA) can often improve heart failure symptoms and induce left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling in patients with non-ischaemic dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and functional mitral regurgitation. However, it is unknown whether the observed LV reverse remodelling translates into better outcomes or not.

METHOD

Fifty patients with advanced non-ischaemic DCM (age, 64 ± 10 years, 74% men) underwent RMA and were followed up with a mean of 2 years. Preoperatively, all had 3 to 4+ functional mitral regurgitation (MR), an ejection fraction (EF) of 26 ± 8.6 %, an indexed LV end-systolic volume (LVESVI) of 112 ± 47 ml/m2. All patients received complete semi-rigid undersized ring annuloplasty. Correlations between early reduction in LVESVI at 1 month after the operation and mid-term clinical outcomes were analysed.

RESULT

There was no 30-day mortality. LVESVI significantly decreased to 96 ± 53 ml/m2 and LVEF improved to 31 ± 15%. During follow-up, 16 (32%) recurred heart failure, of whom 7 (14%) died. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve found that a reduction in LVESVI >8.3% had a sensitivity of 80% and a specificity of 78% in predicting all adverse events. With this cut-off value, there were 30 (60%) responders to reverse remodelling. Responders had significantly better survival (96.4 versus 68.7%, P = 0.007) and freedom from heart failure rate (85.4 versus 31.8%, P = 0.0003) than non-responders at 3 years. In a 1-year follow-up echocardiographic study, non-responders had shown no significant LV reverse remodelling with greater degree of residual MR than responders.

CONCLUSION

The extent of early LV reverse remodelling is related to mid-term mortality, heart failure events and late reverse remodelling and repair durability after RMA for non-ischaemic DCM.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles