Deployment of proximal thoracic endograft in zone 0 of the ascending aorta: treatment options and early outcomes for aortic arch aneurysms in a high-risk population†

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Open repair of aortic arch aneurysms can be technically challenging. Hybrid approaches have been developed to facilitate arch repairs and improve their clinical outcomes in high-risk patients. We examined treatment options and early outcomes in patients whose thoracic endografts were deployed to include Zone 0.


Between 2005 and 2011, a hybrid approach in which the endograft was deployed in the ascending aorta was used in 29 patients (median age 67 years, range 32-85 years). The indication for surgery was saccular arch aneurysm in 11 patients (37.9%), fusiform arch aneurysm with or without involvement of the proximal descending aorta in 10 (34.5%), proximal Type I endoleak after endovascular repair of the descending aorta in 5 (17.2%), chronic Type III (Type B) aortic dissection with aneurysmal arch formation in 2 (6.9%) and acute Type I (Type A) dissection with prior repair of an extent I thoracoabdominal aneurysm in 1 (3.4%). Six patients (20.7%) had previously undergone a sternotomy. One-, two- or three-branch aortobrachiocephalic de-branching, with or without concomitant heart surgery, was performed in 28 patients and extra-anatomic bypass in 1.


Two patients (6.9%) died during postoperative hospitalization. Overall survival during the follow-up period (median 411 days) was 79.3%. Five neurological events occurred: one extensive stroke, two minor strokes (10.3%) and two episodes of paraparesis (6.9%), one with partial recovery and one with full recovery.


The hybrid approach enables the treatment of aortic arch disease in high-risk individuals. Long-term follow-up data are needed.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles