The Provisional Extension To Induce Complete Attachment (PETTICOAT) technique to promote distal aortic remodelling in repair of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection: preliminary results

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Abstract

OBJECTIVES

To report our preliminary results of an aggressive technique, the Provisional Extension To Induce Complete Attachment (PETTICOAT), in repair of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection.

METHODS

From April 2014 to November 2014, 18 patients with acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection were reviewed retrospectively. Nine patients underwent open repair combined with proximal stent grafting and distal bare stenting (PETTICOAT group). For comparison, another 9 patients underwent open repair combined with proximal stent grafting (NON-PETTICOAT group) were included. Open repair entailed ascending aorta plus total arch replacement under circulatory arrest, with variable aortic root work. Mortality and morbidity were recorded, and computed tomography was performed to evaluate the aortic remodelling at 6 months postoperatively.

RESULTS

Preoperative parameters were similar. In the PETTICOAT group, one early mortality was noted. One complication of cardiac tamponade and sternal wound infection led to reopen surgeries. In the NON-PETTICOAT group, one case of transient ischaemic attack took place. Compared with the NON-PETTICOAT group, a significant increase in diameter of true lumen (median, 0.6 vs 0.1 mm, P < 0.01) and a decrease in diameter of false lumen (FL; median, −0.9 vs 0.0 mm, P < 0.01) at the level of lowest renal artery were noted in the PETTICOAT group. Moreover, significant FL volume regression (median, −102.0 vs −42.2 mm3, P = 0.03) was observed in the PETTICOAT group. More cases of total thrombosis or regression of FL down to the level of renal artery were also noted in the PETTICOAT group (5/8 vs 0/9, P < 0.01). Two patients of the NON-PETTICOAT group received endovascular distal aortic reintervention at 6 months.

CONCLUSIONS

The PETTICOAT technique in the management of acute DeBakey type I dissection is a feasible and promising method to promote distal aortic remodelling. However, outcomes are preliminary and further follow-up is required.

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