Celiac disease and gastric hyperplastic polyps: a case series of an uncommon association

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Gastric polypoid lesions are found in ∼1–4% of patients who undergo esophagogastroduodenoscopy. The hyperplastic lesions are considered non-neoplastic polyps that are distributed randomly in the stomach and they are usually related to chronic gastritis as a result of the exaggerated mucosal healing response. Although several conditions have been associated with celiac disease (CD), such as thyroiditis, Addison’s disease, type 1 diabetes mellitus, and autoimmune hepatitis, the association with gastric polyps is rare. In this case series, we present seven newly diagnosed patients (six women) with CD and hyperplastic gastric polyps. Helicobacter pylori infection was ruled out through histology in all the patients and two out of seven had a history of occasional proton pump inhibitor use. An unusual association was found between CD and hyperplastic polyps in this case series.

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