A multicenter randomized comparison between high-definition white light endoscopy and narrow band imaging for detection of gastric lesions

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Abstract

Objective

Narrow band imaging (NBI) is generally considered to be useful for lesion characterization, but not enhanced detection of gastric lesions, because of the dark endoscopic view. We tested whether the new generation of NBI (190-NBI or 290-NBI), which is twice as bright as the previous version, would improve detection of premalignant gastric lesions compared with high-definition white light endoscopy (HD-WLE).

Patients and methods

This was a multicenter prospective randomized study involving five tertiary institutions in the Asia-Pacific region. A total of 579 patients aged older than 50 years who underwent diagnostic upper gastrointestinal endoscopy were randomized to either HD-WLE or NBI. The outcome measurements were detection of intestinal metaplasia (IM), focal gastric lesions, and gastric cancers.

Results

Focal gastric lesions were detected in 83/286 (29%) and 119/293 patients (40.6%) by HD-WLE and by NBI, respectively (P=0.003). IM was detected in 22/286 patients (7.7%) by HD-WLE and in 52/293 patients (17.7%) by NBI (P<0.001). Gastric cancer were found in 7/286 (2.4%) and 3/293 patients (1%) in HD-WLE and NBI groups, respectively (P=0.189).

Conclusion

NBI increased the detection rate of IM compared with HD-WLE.

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