Body weight varies depending on the prevailing direction of environmental pressures; however, physiological factors also play a significant role in the control of body weight. The aim of the present study was to assess the impact of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) on hormones and peptides involved in the control of energy balance and their possible implications in appetite/satiety.Methods
The sample included 39 individuals with extreme obesity (37 women and two men) who underwent RYGB. Anthropometric and biochemical markers were collected before surgery and 6 months after RYGB.Results
The BMI decreased from 44.3±6.4 to 31.7±5.7 kg/m2 (P<0.001) at the sixth month. Percentage of excess weight lost was 63.2±25.0%. Leptin and glucose levels decreased significantly 6 months after RYGB (P<0.001). Interestingly, a significant correlation was confirmed between the anorexigenic gut hormone peptide YY (PYY) and the central anorexigenic mediator α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone after 6 months of RYGB (r=0.35, P=0.004). In contrast, PYY concentrations were correlated negatively with BMI (r=−0.34, P=0.002).Conclusion
In the present investigation, it was found that there is a relationship between α-melanocyte-stimulating hormone and PYY concentrations, and it supports the role of the PYY to POMC signal in appetite regulation after RYGB.