The safety and efficacy of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir with or without ribavirin in the treatment of orthotopic liver transplant recipients with recurrent hepatitis C: real-world data

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Abstract

Background

Recurrent hepatitis C (RHC) in orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) population is associated with accelerated rates of fibrosis, low efficacy and decreased tolerability with traditional therapies.

Aim

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (LED/SOF) with or without ribavirin (RBV) in OLT patients with RHC.

Patients and methods

Patients at least 3 months post-OLT and with documented RHC were treated with LED/SOF with or without RBV for either 12 or 24 weeks. End-of-treatment and sustained virological response 12 weeks after the completion of treatment were documented. Patients were closely monitored for treatment-related adverse effects and the potential need for adjustment in their immunosuppression.

Results

Seventy-one patients were included in the study. Median age was 62 years. Median time from OLT was 55 months. Twenty-six (36.6%) patients were treatment-naive and 45 (63.4%) had previously failed interferon-based therapies. The majority of patients (57.7%) had stage F0–F2 fibrosis. Sixty-seven (94.3%) patients completed 12 weeks of LED/SOF with RBV, three patients completed 12 or 24 weeks of LED/SOF without RBV, and one patient completed only 8 weeks of LED/SOF without RBV owing to severe allograft dysfunction. Sustained virological response was near universal in our cohort (98.5%) regardless of genotype, fibrosis stage, and regimen or treatment duration. Most commonly reported side effects were malaise and gastrointestinal upset. No patient required adjustment in immunosuppression and no episodes of rejection were documented during treatment.

Conclusion

The combination of LED/SOF with RBV for 12 weeks or LED/SOF for 24 weeks is very effective and safe in treating OLT recipients with RHC.

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