Antibody-directed superantigen-mediated T-cell killing of myeloid leukaemic cell line cells

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



Bacterial superantigens (SAgs) bound to MHC class II molecules on target cells are efficient activators of cytotoxic T cells expressing certain T cell receptor (TCR) Vβ regions. We described earlier that the specificity of the SAg Staphylococcus enterotoxin A (SEA) can be changed by introducing a D227A point mutation in the major MHC class II binding site and by genetically fusing the SEA mutant (SEAm) to protein A (PA). This SEAm-PA fusion protein can then be used to direct cytotoxic T cells to tumour cells coated with monoclonal antibodies (mAbs). In this communication, we tested the PA-SEAm fusion protein together with mAbs against the myeloid cell surface antigens CD13, CD15 and CD33. A SEA-reactive T cell line was used as effector cells against 10 different myeloid leukaemic cell lines. Optimal lysis of antigen positive leukaemic cells was obtained at a PA-SEAm concentration of 1 ng/ml and effector : target cell ratios of 15 : 1. No correlation between target cell sensitivity and the level of surface antigen expression could be seen. The 6 acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) cell lines tested appeared to be more sensitive than the 4 chronic myeloid leukaemia(CML) cell lines. The sensitivity of the AML cell line HL-60 could be improved further by stimulation with TNFα. This was accompanied by increased surface ICAM-1 expression whereas specific target molecule expression (CD13, CD33) was unchanged. This suggests that sensitivity to lysis is related to the leukaemic subtype and ICAM-1 expression but not to the tumour antigen density. Our results show that it is possible to direct cytotoxic T cells to myeloid leukaemia cells by using SAgs linked to mAbs, and encourage the construction and testing of a recombinant direct SAg-mAb fusion protein as a candidate drug for therapy of myeloid leukaemias.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles