Galectin-3 and left ventricular reverse remodelling after surgical mitral valve repair

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

Aims

Mitral valve repair in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (FMR) has been associated with beneficial left ventricular (LV) reverse remodelling. Recently, galectin-3 emerged as a marker of myocardial inflammation and fibrosis which may influence LV remodelling after surgery. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the association between pre-operative galectin-3 levels and LV reverse remodelling in heart failure patients with significant FMR who underwent mitral valve repair.

Methods and results

In total, 42 heart failure patients (66 ± 10 years, 69% male) were evaluated. Plasma galectin-3 levels were assessed pre-operatively. Two-dimensional echocardiographic parameters were measured at baseline, and at 6 and 12 months after surgery. LV reverse remodelling was defined as a decrease in LV end-systolic volume ≥15% at 6 months follow-up. In total, 57% of the patients showed LV reverse remodelling. Patients with LV reverse remodelling showed significantly lower pre-operative galectin-3 levels (17.5 ± 5.6 vs. 23.7 ± 9.9 ng/mL, P = 0.009) compared with patients without LV reverse remodelling. In addition, patients with galectin-3 ≤18.2 ng/mL had a six-fold higher probability of showing LV reverse remodelling after surgery as compared with patients with levels >18.2 ng/mL (odds ratio 6.58, 95% confidence interval 1.32–33.33, P = 0.02).

Conclusion

High pre-operative plasma galectin-3 is independently associated with the absence of LV reverse remodelling after mitral valve repair. Galectin-3 may be useful to identify heart failure patients who will need additional treatment to obtain beneficial LV reverse remodelling.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles