Prevalence and clinical impact of QRS duration in patients with low-flow/low-gradient aortic stenosis due to left ventricular systolic dysfunction

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Abstract

Aims

To evaluate the prognostic impact of QRS width in patients with low-flow/low-gradient aortic stenosis (LF/LGAS).

Methods and results

Among 88 consecutive patients referred to our institution for LF/LGAS from September 1994 to March 2007, baseline demographic, clinical, echocardiographic, and electrocardiographic data were collected. This population was divided into two groups according to baseline QRS duration (cut-off QRS ≥130 ms). Follow-up data, including electrocardiographic evolution and overall mortality, were analysed. The mean follow-up duration was 3.1 (2.2–6.2) years. In the whole group, 67 patients underwent surgical aortic valve replacement. Forty-nine patients (56%) had a QRS duration ≥130 ms. Among operated patients, there was no significant change in QRS duration between baseline and latest follow-up (126 ± 26 ms vs. 131 ± 25 ms; P = 0.82). In addition, wider QRS was a strong independent predictor of overall mortality (hazard ratio 2.20, 95% confidence interval 1.15–4.24; P = 0.027).

Conclusion

Significant intraventricular conduction disturbances are common in patients with LF/LGAS and do not recover after aortic valve replacement. QRS duration is strongly associated with mortality in this selected population.

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