Molecular characterization of immunoglobulin G4 gene isoallotypes

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Abstract

Summary

The molecular bases of classical serological immunoglobulin allotypes are progressively uncovered through detailed characterization of the relevant genes. Here we describe two isoallotypic determinants of the G4 gene. In the first, Leu 309, as in G1 and G3, is changed to Val, as in G2; studies on myeloma proteins have long assigned the immunologically defined nG4 m(a)/(b) to the same position. The two molecular variants, here called IGHG4*L309 and IGHG4*V309, are allelic in IGHC haplotypes with a single G4 gene, but can be found together in cis in G4-duplicated haplotypes. A second isoallotypic variant was found at codon 409, where either Arg, as in G1 and G3, or Lys, as in G2, can be found. Both isoallotypes are associated with several 'silent isoallotypic' substitutions dispersed through the hinge, CH2 and CH3 domains. This suggests segmental gene conversion as the common mechanism of origin.

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