In our center, a physiotherapist is present in the operative room to bring relief to the Parkinsonian patient during subthalamic nucleus stimulation surgery under local anesthesia. This study searched to determine the causes of pain and suffering during bilateral electrode implantation and to assess the role of physiotherapy. Ninety-two consecutive patients operated on between 2001 and 2004 were included in this retrospective study. A questionnaire with eight items was developed and mailed to the patients. Seventy-five responses to questionnaires were available. All patients except one experienced physical pain and psychological suffering, alleviated by physiotherapy. These preliminary results need to be confirmed in a prospective randomized study.