Mutations in the periaxin (PRX) gene cause autosomal recessive demyelinating neuropathy Charcot–Marie–Tooth (CMT) type 4F. To date, 10 non-sense or frameshift PRX mutations have been reported in patients with early-onset neuropathy and further disease course consistent with either Dejerine–Sottas neuropathy or slow-progressive demyelinating CMT.Methods
We sequenced 59 patients from 55 Czech families including four unrelated patients of Romani (Gypsy) origin with early-onset CMT displaying decreased nerve conduction velocities.Results
We identified a novel homozygous mutation c.3286_3356del71 (K1095fsX18) in one Romani patient showing very slow disease progression. Amongst non-Romani Czech CMT patients, PRX mutations have been proven to be very rare.