[18F]FETO: metabolic considerations

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Abstract

Purpose

11β-Hydroxylase is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of adrenocortical steroid hormones and is a suitable target for the imaging of the adrenal cortex. [11C]Metomidate (MTO), [11C]etomidate (ETO) and desethyl-[18F]fluoroethyl-etomidate (FETO) are potent inhibitors of this enzyme and are used for PET imaging of adrenocortical pathologies. The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate and compare the metabolic stability of MTO, ETO and FETO against esterases and (2) to investigate the metabolic pattern of FETO in vivo.

Methods

In vitro assays were performed using different concentrations of MTO, ETO and FETO with constant concentrations of carboxylesterase. Human in vivo studies were performed with human blood samples drawn from the cubital vein. After sample clean-up, the serum was analysed by HPLC methods.

Results

In vitro assays showed Michaelis-Menten constants of 115.1 μmol for FETO, 162.0 μmol for MTO and 168.6 μmol for ETO. Limiting velocities were 1.54 μmol/min (FETO), 1.47 μmol/min (MTO) and 1.35 μmol/min (ETO). This implies insignificantly decreased esterase stability of FETO compared with MTO and ETO. In vivo investigations showed a rapid metabolisation of FETO within the first 10 min (2 min: 91.41%±6.44%, n=6; 10 min: 23.78%±5.54%, n=4) followed by a smooth decrease in FETO from 20 to 90 min (20 min: 11.23%±3.79% n=4; 90 min: 3.68%±3.65%, n=4). Recovery rate was 61.43%±3.19% (n=12).

Conclusion

In vitro experiments demonstrated that FETO stability against esterases is comparable to that of ETO and MTO. The metabolic profile showed that FETO kinetics in humans are fast.

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