Triamcinolone and PDT to treat exudative age-related macular degeneration and submacular hemorrhage

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To evaluate the efficacy of photodynamic therapy (PDT) with verteporfin and intravitreal injection of triamcinolone to treat choroidal neovascularization (CNV) with flat submacular hemorrhage in age-related macular degeneration (ARMD).


A prospective, consecutive, noncomparative, interventional case series study was performed at the Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Spain. Ten consecutive eyes from 10 patients with flat submacular hemorrhage secondary to ARMD were treated by PDT followed by intravitreal injection of 19.4±2.1 mg/0.1 mL triamcinolone 5 days later. PDT was repeated if leakage from the CNV appeared on fluorescein angiography (FA) at 3 months follow-up intervals. Main outcome measures were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) before and after treatment, post-treatment FA, results, and complications.


Stable or improved BCVA was achieved in seven eyes at 6 months follow-up. Complete absence of leakage in FA was observed in five and in eight eyes at 3 and 6 months follow-up, respectively. Intraocular pressure rose in seven eyes.


PDT followed by intravitreal triamcinolone seems useful to treat CNV with flat submacular hemorrhage in ARMD. However, further studies with longer follow-up and randomized controlled trials are necessary to assess its efficacy in the management of this difficult clinical problem. (Eur J Ophthalmol 2006; 16: 426-34)

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