Comparison of refractive error in phacovitrectomy for epiretinal membrane using ultrasound and partial coherence interferometry

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid



To compare the postoperative refractive error (RE) using A-scan ultrasound (US) and partial coherence interferometry (PCI) after phacovitrectomy for idiopathic epiretinal membrane (iERM) and cataract.


Eighty-eight participants (88 eyes) with iERM and cataracts underwent phacovitrectomies with internal limiting membrane removal. Postoperative RE was the main outcome measured, calculated by subtracting intended spherical equivalent (SE) from 6-month postoperative SE. Secondary outcomes included axial length (AL) measured by 2 methods, change in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), and change in central subfield thickness (CSFT).


Mean postoperative RE using US showed greater myopic shift compared with that using PCI (-0.569 ± 0.571 D vs -0.169 ± 0.415 D, respectively, p<0.001). The 6-month postoperative RE was within ±0.50 D in 43.2% (38/88) using US vs 84.1% (74/88) using PCI and within ±1.00 D in 84.1% (74/88) using US vs 96.6% (85/88) using PCI. Mean AL measured by US was shorter than that measured by PCI (23.50 ± 1.27 mm vs 23.58 ± 1.30 mm, respectively, p<0.001). Postsurgery, BCVA improved from 0.374 ± 0.264 logMAR to 0.144 ± 0.124 logMAR (p<0.001), and CSFT decreased from 449.2 ± 78.5 μm to 378.2 ± 47.0 μm (p<0.001). The BCVA improvement significantly correlated with decreased CSFT (R = 0.268, p = 0.011).


Estimation of intraocular lens power for phacovitrectomies for iERM and cataracts is more accurate when assessed by PCI than by US.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles