Intravitreal Dexamethasone Implant (Ozurdex®) for Exudative Retinal Detachment after Proton Beam Therapy for Choroidal Melanoma

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Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal 0.7-mg dexamethasone implant (DEX-I) (Ozurdex®) in the treatment of extensive exudative retinal detachment (RD) associated with uveal melanoma treated using proton beam therapy (PBT).

Methods

Data from 10 patients with exudative RD after PBT treated with intravitreal injection of 0.7-mg DEX-I were reviewed retrospectively. The main outcome measures were resolution of exudative RD, visual acuity, and safety profile.

Results

Mean age was 55.6 years (range 34-85). Mean time between PBT and DEX-I was 12.4 months (range 3-25). Mean follow-up was 9.9 months (range 4-15). Intravitreal Ozurdex® reduced exudative RD in 7 cases (70%) on average 3.1 months after injection with complete resolution of RD in 6 of these (60%). For half of the patients, their level of vision remained stable; the other half experienced a deterioration in visual acuity at the end of follow-up. No adverse effects were observed.

Conclusions

In this small case series, treatment with intravitreal DEX-I reduced exudative RD in the majority of cases and had an acceptable safety profile.

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