One-port vitreous cavity lavage with hybrid 27G infusion and 23G cannula

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Purpose:To describe a new surgical technique for performing vitreous cavity lavage.Methods:After a 23G trocar cannula was inserted into the vitreous cavity at the lowest point of the eyeball 3.5 or 4 mm posterior to the limbus, a 27G infusion line with balanced salt solution was attached to the cannula. The infusion tube was partially withdrawn and the vitreous fluid with blood flowed out through the space between the larger lumen of the cannula and the smaller infusion tube. Meanwhile, vitreous cavity was irrigated with fresh balanced salt solution through the infusion line and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was maintained. The vitreous clarity was checked by indirect ophthalmoscopy.Results:A total of 14 eyes of 14 patients with postvitrectomy hemorrhage were treated with the lavage technique. The vision improved and the fundus could be sufficiently viewed next day in all cases. This fluid/fluid exchange procedure was also performed in fluid/air exchange in two cases of unclosed idiopathic macular hole with switching to air infusion instead of balanced salt solution infusion.Conclusion:This minimally invasive technique is a simple, safe, and efficient way of performing postvitrectomy vitreous cavity fluid/fluid or fluid/air exchange.

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