Single-pass four-throw pupilloplasty for Urrets-Zavalia syndrome

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Abstract

Purpose:

To demonstrate the efficacy and initial results of single-pass four-throw pupilloplasty in cases of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome.

Methods:

In this prospective interventional study, single-pass four-throw was performed to reconstruct the pupil in all symptomatic cases with Urrets-Zavalia syndrome. Applanation tonometry, indentation gonioscopy, and anterior segment optical coherence tomography for anterior chamber angle assessment were performed in all the cases.

Results:

Out of 10 cases that were identified with Urrets-Zavalia syndrome, the procedure was performed in 7 cases, whereas 3 cases were left untreated, as they did not have any visual complaints. Five out of seven eyes had preoperative raised intraocular pressure with appositional closure of the angle. Postoperatively, intraocular pressure was controlled in all the eyes, whereas one eye required antiglaucoma medications to control the intraocular pressure. The mean preoperative and postoperative best-corrected visual acuity was 1.1 ± 1.2 and 0.4 ± 0.4 LogMar, respectively. There was a significant improvement in the best-corrected visual acuity (p = 0.0169) in the postoperative period. The mean preoperative and postoperative intraocular pressure was 26.6 ± 11.23 and 16.3 ± 2.98 mm Hg, respectively (p = 0.0168). All the patients had a minimum of 6-month follow-up period (range = 6–8 months).

Conclusion:

Single-pass four-throw can be employed for cases with Urrets-Zavalia syndrome, and single-pass four-throw helps to prevent the postoperative glare and narrows down the pupil size effectively. Single-pass four-throw helps to alleviate the anterior chamber angle apposition in patients with Urrets-Zavalia syndrome by mechanically pulling the peripheral iris centrally as demonstrated on anterior segment optical coherence tomography. The study also reports the occurrence of Urrets-Zavalia syndrome after glued intraocular lens surgery.

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