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To evaluate the use of intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide in pediatric cataract surgery with or without intraocular lens implantation as a vitreous dye to ensure a complete anterior vitrectomy and evaluate its effect on postoperative ocular inflammation, infection, posterior capsule opacification, and intraocular pressure.Randomized controlled trial included children diagnosed with bilateral congenital cataract in both eyes. Their eyes were randomly assigned into two groups: group A underwent aspiration, posterior capsulotomy, and anterior vitrectomy with intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide, while group B underwent the same surgical procedure without intraocular injection of triamcinolone acetonide. Intraocular pressure, postoperative inflammation, infection, and posterior capsule opacification were followed up till 6 months.The study comprised 44 eyes of 22 children. The mean age was 2.4 ± 2.1 years including 10 males and 12 females. The mean postoperative intraocular pressure was within normal range in both groups. No case of infection in both groups. No eyes in group A showed reaction, while in group B, three eyes showed exudate on the first day, which improved at 2 weeks. Posterior synechiae was recorded in four eyes in group A and in five eyes in group B. Posterior capsule opacification was noted in one eye in group A at 3 month, while it was noted in nine eyes in group B. The difference was statistically significant (p = 0.004).Triamcinolone acetonide was found to be useful in better visualization of vitreous in pediatric cataract surgery and has good effect in decreasing postoperative inflammation and posterior capsule opacification.