Tear film evaluation by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy during retinal imaging

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Abstract

Purpose:

Herein, we describe a novel finding which appears as a reticular pattern on multicolor confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy image during routine imaging of retina and we aim to show whether there is an association between this pattern and dry eye findings.

Materials and methods:

A total of 162 eyes of 81 patients that were scheduled for a routine retinal imaging by scanning laser ophthalmoscopy at a vitreoretinal practice underwent dry eye evaluation including corneal and conjunctival lissamine green staining, fluorescein staining, tear break-up time, and tear meniscus height measurement before acquiring any images. Then, multicolor images were taken and graded for the severity of reticular pattern.

Results:

Among 150 eyes of 81 patients with gradable multicolor imaging, 45 eyes (30%) had some reticular pattern on multicolor image. Severity of reticular pattern on multicolor imaging was significantly correlated with total lissamine score (rho = 0.378, p = 0.007) and tear meniscus height (rho = −0.408, p = 0.011). Furthermore, they were found to be the best set of predictors for the severity pattern on multicolor imaging (odds ratio = 1.30, 95% confidence interval = 1.01–1.37, p = 0.027 and odds ratio = 0.25, 95% confidence interval = 0.128–0.342, p < 0.001, respectively).

Conclusion:

Reticular pattern seen on multicolor image while acquiring retinal images using scanning laser ophthalmoscopy may be related to tear film instability. Further modulations of the scanning laser ophthalmoscopy instrument will likely improve this indicator of dry eye syndrome.

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