The purpose of this study was to develop film-forming formulations facilitating long-term treatment of chronic pruritus with capsaicinoids. To this end, an oily solution of nonivamide was loaded into porous silica particles which were then suspended in the dispersion of a sustained release polymer. Such formulations form a film when applied to the skin and encapsulate the drug loaded silica particles in a dry polymeric matrix. Dermal delivery and permeation of the antipruritic drug nonivamide (NVA) are controlled by the matrix.
The film-forming formulations were examined regarding homogeneity, storage stability, substantivity and ex vivo skin permeation. Confocal Raman spectral imaging proved the stability of silica-based film-forming formulations over a period of 6 months. Substantivity was found to be enhanced substantially compared to a conventional semisolid formulation.
Permeation rates of nonivamide from film-forming formulations through the skin are much lower compared to those achieved with a conventional immediate release formulation with the same drug amount. Due to the drug reservoir in the polymer matrix, a sustained permeation is enabled. Film-forming formulations may therefore improve the treatment of chronic pruritus with capsaicinoids by enhancing patient compliance through a sustained release regime.