Effect of vascular scaffold composition on release of sirolimus

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Abstract

Despite extensive development of bioresorbable drug-eluting vascular scaffolds it is still challenging to achieve controlled drug delivery. The lack of capacity for adjusting the drug dose and inadequate release behavior are one of the main reasons of the side effects. However, so far, mainly biodegradable drug-eluting coatings of metallic stents have been studied in regard to explain drug release mechanisms. The objective of this study was to develop degradable polymer coatings applicable to bioresorbable polymer-based scaffolds. Moreover, a detailed analysis of sirolimus release and scaffold degradation has been conducted. Coating layers of the same composition were applied by the same method on the surface of two different kinds of scaffolds in order to explain the effect of scaffold structure on release process. The developed coatings showed controlled release of antiproliferative agent with elimination of burst effect. However, differences in drug release profile from two kinds of scaffolds were observed. Scaffold composed of polymer with higher lactide content showed slower and bi-phasic, erosion-controlled release of sirolimus. On the contrary, sirolimus release from scaffold composed of polymer with lower content of lactide was mainly controlled by diffusion. These results demonstrate that characteristics of scaffold is another crucial factor that must be considered in further development of bioresorbable vascular scaffolds (BRS) with controlled release of antiproliferative agent.

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