PAMPA—A drug absorption in vitro model: 13. Chemical selectivity due to membrane hydrogen bonding: In combo comparisons of HDM-, DOPC-, and DS-PAMPA models

    loading  Checking for direct PDF access through Ovid

Abstract

This study compares the intrinsic permeability coefficients of 40 drug molecules, obtained by three popular variants of the PAMPA assay, based on: (a) n-hexadecane, (b) 2% w/v dioleyoylphosphatidylcholine in n-dodecane, and (c) 20% w/v lecithin in n-dodecane, the HDM-, DOPC-, DS-PAMPA models, respectively. It was shown that PAMPA permeability values consistently rank in magnitude according to: DS > DOPC > HDM, with molecules like metoprolol showing 1000-fold greater permeability in DS than in HDM. Abraham descriptors were used to rationalize these observations. Water-solubilized polar molecules form very strong H-bonds with the solvent. Such molecules need to break these bonds in order to enter the pure alkane phase, which, in turn, offers no compensating H-bond solvation. Thus, more energy appears to be needed for a polar molecule to penetrate a pure alkane barrier, compared to a barrier possessing some H-bond interactions. The 20% phospholipid content of the DS-PAMPA lipid may be thought to ease the permeation process, by offering a compensating source of H-bonding within the membrane phase.

Related Topics

    loading  Loading Related Articles