Dual functioning microspheres embedded crosslinked gelatin cryogels for therapeutic intervention in osteomyelitis and associated bone loss

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Abstract

In the present research,we simultaneously addressed the condition of osteomyelitis and osteoporosis by developing a gelatin based chemically cross linked cryogel system embedded with CaCO3 microspheres and ciprofloxacin hydrochloride was incorporated in both the microspheres and the 3D matrix of cryogel. The fabricated cryogel was characterized for the swelling ratio, swelling kinetics, porosity, pore volume, compression strength and in vitro rate of degradation which were found to be dependent on the concentration of gelatin, duration of freezing and number of freeze-thaw cycles. The sustained release of drug was obtained up to 21 days after the initial burst, and the concentration was maintained above the MIC for the entire duration of the study. The in vitro antibacterial study in Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli exhibited 33 mm, 30 mm, 28 mm, 27 mm and 43 mm, 37 mm, 37 mm, and 36 mm zone of inhibition respectively at day 1, 3, 5 and 7. The cell viability, number of cells in the growth phase and alkaline phosphatase levels were found to be significantly higher in rat osteoblasts cultured in cryogel as compared to 2D surface. All these results demonstrate the propitious potential of this microsphere incorporated, ciprofloxacin-loaded, industrially scalable cryogel system for therapeutic intervention in osteoporosis and associated osteomyelitis.

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